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A Statement in Koinonia

August 25, 1994

To the Members of the House of Bishops and through them to the whole Church:

We the undersigned bishops want to thank the committee that created the . That document in its various drafts forced the whole church to wrestle with issues that affect vitally the lives and hopes of a sizable group of the members of this church. This document also makes our faith community better able to deal with the subject of human sexuality around which there has been great fear, great misunderstanding, great misinformation, and great prejudice.
We also value the collegiality of this House of Bishops and want to continue the mutual respect for our differences that is certainly part of the meaning of collegiality.

We are aware, however, that this Convention by various resolutions has taken stands before on very emotional subjects such as capital punishment and abortion and has called this church to various boycotts of products to achieve what the majority believed was a moral agenda. On the role and place of women in the total life of this church, this body has spoken by amending the Constitution and Canons to give the decision of General Convention the force of law. We are also aware that even with these official actions no one has suggested that those who hold contrary opinions are somehow violating the collegiality of this house or that they were not welcome to continue to bear witness and indeed to act on their consciences in these matters. Collegiality has meant that we have agreed to respect each other and to live with our differences. It has never been a strait jacket that we forced to wear in order to pretend that a consensus existed where in fact one did not exist.

In the discussion on the Pastoral Teaching on Human Sexuality we heard hints that collegiality was being interpreted in a more restrictive way. Perhaps even more importantly we heard voices of discouragement from some members of our Christian family, who had begun to trust that their church would share with them more of God's love and less of the church's judgment. This discouragement was produced primarily by press reports attempting to interpret the meaning of the action of this house in adopting the amended statement. It seems to hinge on the decision of this house to circulate with the committee's document a statement produced by a group of bishops from the Southwest. This perception has had the effect of tilting the carefully crafted work of the committee back to a place where some members of our church no longer feel included, where those living in non-traditional relationships might no longer expect to find a place or a welcome in the Body of Christ and where gay and lesbian clergy might question whether or not their gifts are still wanted by the church they love.

It is for those reasons we feel that this statement must also be made from a different perspective to this Convention and to the whole church as a part of the dialogue lest anyone think consensus has in fact been reached on the issues, or that there is no change occurring in this vital area of our life.

We believe that sex is a gift of God.

We believe that some of us are created heterosexual and some of us are created homosexual.

We believe that homosexuality and heterosexuality are morally neutral, that both can be lived out with beauty, honor, holiness, and integrity and that both are capable of being lived out destructively.

We believe that wherever sexuality is lived out destructively this church must witness to it negatively. We oppose all forms of promiscuous sex, sex that does not honor one's partner or that does not hold that partner in commitment and love.

We believe that marriage is to be held in honor and that marriage represents that highest form of human commitment that a man and a woman can make to each other. We believe that through marriage both the husband and wife are called to holiness.

We believe that celibacy is an honorable vocation for some of God's people and that those who have chosen to live in celibacy for whatever reason have gifts to give that will enrich both the church and the social order.

But we also believe that those who know themselves to be gay or lesbian persons, and who do not choose to live alone, but forge relationships with partners of their choice that are faithful, monogamous, committed, life giving and holy are to be honored. We will continue to relate to these couples with our support, our pastoral care, our prayers and our recognitions, in whatever form is deemed appropriate, that God is indeed present in their life together.

We also believe that the ordained ranks of the church are open to all baptized Christians and that through our regular screening process, we will determine who is both called and qualified. We are aware of the presence in the church of gay and lesbian clergy. We bear witness to the fact that they have served and continue to serve this church with effectiveness and integrity. Some of them are single, many more of them are living in committed partnerships. They serve this church today as bishops, priests, and deacons. In all these orders they have won the respect of their ecclesial communities. Like the gay and lesbian population as a whole, many of our gay and lesbian clergy have gravitated into urban areas, where they live out their priestly vocations. In some urban areas the number of gay and lesbian people exceeds thirty-five per cent of the total population. These gay and lesbian clergy work heroically and successfully in difficult assignments. By their willingness to accept and acknowledge their own sexual orientation and by the very witness of the committed nature of the lives they live with their partners, they have brought both the hope and love of Christ to communities of people long oppressed, long denigrated, and long judged by various religious authorities as inadequate human beings in whom the image of God is somehow flawed.

We pledge to these clergy, whom we honor as part of this church, our support and protection and we will continue to hold them to no standard higher than that we would hold any heterosexual priest whether he or she be single or married.

We also recognize that by canon law the choice of fit persons to serve in the ordained ranks of the church is not the prerogative of bishops alone, but of the whole church.

We pledge ourselves to ordain only those persons whom the testing and screening process reveals to be wholesome examples to the flock of Christ. But let there be no misunderstanding, our lives and our experience as bishops have convinced us that a wholesome example to the flock of Christ does not exclude a person of homosexual orientation nor does it exclude those homosexual persons who choose to live our their sexual orientation in a partnership that is marked by faithfulness and life giving holiness.

We want this house and the whole church to know that we can be faithful to Christ and to our ministries as bishops in no other way that by affirming these principles. We trust this dialogue on human sexuality will go on for all of us have more to learn. But we make these comments publicly not just to prevent future misunderstanding in this house, but also to send a message of hope to a significant part of the Body of Christ, that in our own inadequate way we try to represent.

Signed by the following bishops:
Anderson, Robert
Barrett, George
Bartlett, Allen
Barton, Lane
Bates, George
Bennison, Charles
Blanchard, Roger
Borsch, Frederick
Burgess, John
Burrill, William
Burt, John
Cadigan, George
Carranza-G., Sergio
Charles, Otis
Charleston, Steven
Cochran, David
Cole, Ned
Corrigan, Daniel
Dennis, Walter
Dewitt, Robert
Dixon, Jane
Donovan, Herbert
Doss, Joe
Eastman, A.
Folwell, William
Grew, J.
Griswold, Frank
Gulick, Edwin
Hampton, Sanford
Harris, Barbara
Hopkins, Harold
Hunt, George
Jelinek, James
Johnson, David
Jones, Edward
Kimsey, Rustin
Krumm, John
Lee, Edward
Marmion, SW
Maze, Larry
McGehee, Coleman
McKelvey, Jack
McLeod, Mary
Montgomery, James
Ottley, James
Pettit, Vincent
Primo, Quinland
Ramos, Jose
Ray, Thomas
Reus-Froylan, F.
Richards, David
Shimpfky, Richard
Sims, Bennett
Spears, Robert
Spong, John
Swenson, Daniel
Swing, William
Talton, Chester
Terry, Frank
Theuner, Douglas
Trelease, Richard
Vest, Frank
Walker, Orris
Wallace, Leigh
Walmsley, Arthur
Wiedrich, William
Wolf, Fred
Wood, Stewart
(a number of other bishops have signed since the document was published)

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